Gregory I the Great

   Pope (q.v.) from 590-604 who is considered the greatest of the early medieval popes; saint. He refused to recognize the title of "Ecumenical Patriarch" that John IV "Faster" (q.v.), archbishop of Constantinople (qq.v.) proclaimed for himself. John was supported by Maurice (q.v.), whose overthrow in 602 Gregory welcomed. Maurice's successorPhokas (q.v.), howeverunpopular he was in Constantinople, was esteemed by Gregory, who erected a column in the Roman forum in his honor. Among Gregory's many achievements was the maintenance of papal independence against the Lombards (qq.v.), and his sending of St. Augustine of Canterbury to England (q.v.) to organize the church there.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Gregory I (the Great) —     (c. 540–604)    Pope, Theologian and Saint.    Gregory was born in Rome and was educated as a lawyer. He was ordained Deacon by Pope Benedict I and was elected Pope in 590. At that period the city of Rome was under threat from the Lombards.… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • GREGORY I, THE GREAT —    and ST., born in Rome, son of a senator; made prætor of Rome; relinquished the office and became a monk; devoted himself to the regulation of church worship (instituting, among other things, the liturgy of the Mass), to the reformation of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pope St. Gregory I (the Great) —     Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     Doctor of the Church; born at Rome about 540; died 12 March 604. Gregory     is certainly one of the most notable figures in Ecclesiastical… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gregory the Great —    Gregory I the Great (c. 540 604)    One of the greatest and most influential of the popes of the early Middle Ages, Gregory, pope from 590 to 604, is also recognized as one of the fathers of the church. Although not the powerful theologian… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Gregory the Great — (Pope Gregory I) (ca. 540–604)    The son of a Roman senator, the young Gregory had wealth, position, and learning. He was named prefect of Rome in his early 30s (ca. 573), and seemed well on his way toward a secular political career. Despite… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

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  • Gregory the Great, (Pope) (St.) — (c. 540, Rome – 12 March 604, Rome)    Pope from 590, St. Gregory reformed the liturgy by importing certain Byzantine practices such as singing the Kyrie and Alleluias outside the Easter season. He may have founded or reorganized the Roman Schola …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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  • Gregory the Great — noun (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540? 604) • Syn: ↑Gregory, ↑Gregory I, ↑Saint Gregory I, ↑St. Gregory I • Derivationally related forms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gregory the Great, Pastoral Care (Troyes, Bibliothèque Municipale, MS 504) — Troyes, Bibliotheque Municipale, MS 504 is an early 7th century illuminated manuscript of the Pastoral Care by Pope Gregory I. It was probably written in Rome about AD 600, whilst Gregory was still alive, and contains his final revised text. It… …   Wikipedia

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